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Terms of Reference for a Baseline Survey of Knowledge, Attitude and Practice (KAP) on Water, Sanitation and Hygiene (WASH)

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Terms of Reference for a Baseline Survey of Knowledge, Attitude and Practice (KAP) on Water, Sanitation and Hygiene (WASH)

       Employer: Kaalmo Relief and Development (KRD)

       Date of Advertisement: 06/11/2022

       Deadline for applications: 15/11/2022

       Type of Contract: Short Term Consultancy

       Duration of Consultancy: 10 days

       Expected Start and End Date: 10/11/2022-30/11/2022


  1. Background

Improving access to water, sanitation and hygiene are key development targets as set in the SDGs. Growing evidence has accumulated the positive impact that improved WASH has on the health of people. However, access to water, Sanitation, and Hygiene (WASH) is generally a challenge in Somalia, particularly in Internally Displaced Peoples (IDPs) settlements where access to water and sanitation facilities is extremely limited. Without access to clean water, toilets and good hygiene practices, the risk of contracting easily preventable diseases, such as diarrhea, acute watery diarrhea, cholera, and respiratory infections, is very high.

In Somalia, settlements for IDPs are often overcrowded with limited sanitation facilities. Diseases are known to spread easily. IDP families lack both access to water and knowledge of proper hygiene practices like fecal waste handling, proper use of latrines and handwashing with soap. These poor hygiene and sanitation conditions, combined with the high concentration of people living in camps, increases exposure to diarrheal diseases and respiratory infections. Of a particular concern are children, particularly those under the age of 5 years, who mostly fall victim to diseases caused by poor sanitation and hygiene practices.

In the local, national and international humanitarian efforts aimed to save lives and livelihoods of the affected populations in Somalia, Kaalmo Relief and Development (KRD), which is a Local non-governmental, not-for-Profit, non-Sectarian, non-partisan, humanitarian, advocacy and development organization working to alleviate the suffering of poor and marginalized communities in Somalia by supporting them to become self-reliant in addressing their social, economic and political problems, has received funding from German Doctors e.V. to implement a project titled: “Increasing access to safe water, sanitation     facilities and hygiene education for Internally Displaced People (IDPs)” in four IDP camps, which are located in Belet -Hawa District, Gedo Region, Jubaland State, Somalia.  Against the above-mentioned background, KRD is looking for a consultant to carry out a Baseline Survey of Knowledge, Attitude and Practice (KAP) on Water, Sanitation and Hygiene (WASH) in the target IDP camps.

  1. Objectives
  • Overall objective

The overall objective of this Survey is to assess the Knowledge, Attitude and Practices of the IDPs in target camps in order to identify WASH gaps in the camps, monitor the progress of the proposed GDs/KRD WASH project activities and incorporate the lessons learned from the findings of this Survey into other GDS/KRD WASH interventions to improve the quality of WASH in target IDP camps.

  • Specific objectives

The specific objectives of this survey are:

  • Assess, evaluate and provide evidence-based information about knowledge, attitude and practice of the IDP regarding WASH in the target IDP camps.
  • Provides benchmark values for indicators of the proposed GDs/KRD WASH project, which will be used as a tool to measure the progress of the project in the operational area.
  • Produce a baseline data that will be compared to endline data in order to measure the impact of the project on the knowledge, attitude and practice of the IDPs on WASH.


In consultation with key program and technical staff, the consultant will be responsible for defining the parameters of the assessment, including the finalization of an assessment plan to be shared with the KRD coordination team. The consultant will prepare and submit a draft proposal on how he/she intends to conduct the study for approval. The consultant is expected to propose and design a suitable methodology for gathering information and delivering results. This is a social study and both qualitative and quantitative data will be generated through Household Survey (HS), Key Interview Informant (KII) and Focus Group Discussions (FGDs).

Main Tasks of the consultant

  1. Submit a report which will include an interpretation of the tasks and methodologies which will be used in the KAP study.
  2. Develop appropriate tools and instruments for gathering information.
  3. Present the KAP Methodology and share it KRD with WASH Program Manager.
  4. Review appropriate documents (Projects Proposal and Reports etc.) relevant to the Survey.
  5. Conduct KAP Survey-Train data enumerators; ensure quality of data being collected.
  6. Undertake consultations with key stakeholders and conduct field data collection.
  7. Process and analyze the data, write and submit a draft report of the survey.
  8. Present Preliminary findings to KRD WASH Team.
  9. Present the draft report of the findings in a stakeholder forum for comments and feedback.
  10. Revise and submit a final copy of the survey report including recommendations to KRD.
  11. Deliverables
  12. Inception report including detailed description of methodology.
  13. Presentation of draft baseline report with focus on findings and analysis of interesting findings.
  14. Final baseline report (maximum 20 pages).

Timeframe – schedule

The entire assignment including preparation of the study tools and protocols, recruitment and training of data collectors, field work, analysis of data and report writing is estimated to last 10 calendar days. The exercise is expected to commence on 10/11/2022 as shown by the following table:


Skills and Qualifications

  • University degree in any field, preferably Social Sciences. Post graduate education is an added advantage.
  • In-depth knowledge and experience on research methods (household survey, key informant interviews and focus group discussions).
  • Knowledge of and familiarity with Somalia context.
  • Fluent in both oral and written English and Somali.
  • Excellent Analytical, Communication and Report writing skills.

How to apply

Please send your application to  with the following documents:

  1. Proposal submission form.
  2. A brief technical proposal (5-10 pages), including an outline of the methodological approach and activities proposed considered to be necessary to achieve the contract objectives and a tentative timeline with key milestones.
  3. CV (if more than one, please submit CVs for all team members and detail the different roles and responsibilities).
  4. Evaluation of the Application:

The evaluation method will be quality and cost-based selection. A two-stage procedure shall be utilized in evaluating the Proposals; a technical evaluation (75% of the score) and a financial evaluation (25% of the score). For the evaluation of the technical proposals, the Contracting Authority shall take the following criteria into consideration, with the indicated weights:


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